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Summary

SpeciesStatus
Nb of Species240BC Red List104
Mammals14BC Blue List114
Birds4Identified Wildlife10
Breeding Birds29COSEWIC Endangered49
Reptiles4COSEWIC Threatened23
Amphibians3COSEWIC Special Concern25
Fishes9SARA Schedule 188
Insects27Extirpated fom BC8
Molluscs16Extinct0
Vascular Plants110  
Mosses24  
Fungus0  

Mammals

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Grey WhaleEschrichtius robustusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Harbour PorpoisePhocoena phocoenaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Killer Whale (southern resident population)Orcinus orca pop. 5EndangeredSchedule 1Red
Steller Sea LionEumetopias jubatusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Killer Whale (West Coast transient population)Orcinus orca pop. 3ThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Humpback WhaleMegaptera novaeangliaeSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Northern Fur SealCallorhinus ursinusThreatenedNoneRed
Townsend's Big-eared BatCorynorhinus townsendiiNoneNoneBlue
American Water Shrew, brooksi subspecies Sorex palustris brooksiNoneNoneRed
Keen's MyotisMyotis keeniiData DeficientSchedule 3Blue
Roosevelt ElkCervus elaphus rooseveltiNoneNoneBlue
Ermine, Anguinae SubspeciesMustela erminea anguinaeNoneNoneBlue
Northern Elephant SealMirounga angustirostrisNot at RiskNoneRed
Little Brown MyotisMyotis lucifugusEndangeredNoneYellow

Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Pink-footed ShearwaterPuffinus creatopusThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Red KnotCalidris canutusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue

Breeding Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Barn OwlTyto albaThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Great Blue Heron (fannini subspecies)Ardea herodias fanniniSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Marbled MurreletBrachyramphus marmoratusThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Northern Goshawk (laingi subspecies)Accipiter gentilis laingiThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Peregrine Falcon (anatum subspecies)Falco peregrinus anatumSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Western Screech Owl (kennicotti subspecies)Megascops kennicottii kennicottiiThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Peregrine Falcon (pealei subspecies)Falco peregrinus pealeiSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Vesper Sparrow (affinis subspecies)Pooecetes gramineus affinisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusNot at RiskNoneBlue
Common NighthawkChordeiles minor ThreatenedSchedule 1Yellow
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaNot at RiskNoneBlue
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusNoneNoneBlue
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaThreatenedNoneBlue
Purple MartinProgne subisNoneNoneBlue
Olive-sided flycatcherContopus cooperiThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Band-tailed pigeonPatagioenas fasciataSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Green HeronButorides virescensNoneNoneBlue
Western Bluebird (Georgia Depression population)Sialia mexicana pop. 1NoneNoneRed
Brandt’s Cormorant Phalacrocorax penicillatusNoneNoneRed
Northern Pygmy-Owl, swarthi subspecies Glaucidium gnoma swarthiNoneNoneBlue
Sooty GrouseDendragapus fuliginosusNoneNoneBlue
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusSpecial ConcernNoneNone
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataNoneNoneBlue
Western Screech-owlMegascops kennicottiiThreatenedSchedule 1None
Common MurreUria aalgeNoneNoneRed

Reptiles

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Sharp-tailed SnakeContia tenuisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Leatherback TurtleDermochelys coriaceaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Western PaintedTurtle (Pacific coast population)Chrysemys picta pop. 1EndangeredSchedule 1Red

Amphibians

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Northern Red-legged FrogRana auroraSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Western ToadAnaxyrus boreasSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Wandering SalamanderAneides vagransSpecial ConcernNoneBlue

Fishes

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Green SturgeonAcipenser medirostrisSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Coho Salmon (interior Fraser populations)Oncorhynchus kisutchEndangeredNoneYellow
Basking SharkCetorhinus maximusEndangeredSchedule 1None
Rougheye rockfishSebastes aleutianusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1None
Yelloweye RockfishSebastes ruberrimusSpecial ConcernNoneNone
Dolly VardenSalvelinus malmaNoneNoneYellow
BocaccioSebastes paucispinisEndangeredNoneNone
Canary rockfishSebastes pinnigerThreatenedNoneNone
Coastal Cutthroat TroutOncorhynchus clarkii clarkiiNoneNoneBlue

Insects

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Dun SkipperEuphyes vestrisThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Greenish Blue, insulanus subspeciesPlebejus saepiolus insulanusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
MonarchDanaus plexippusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Sand-verbena MothCopablepharon fuscumEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Edith's Checkerspot, taylori subspeciesEuphydryas editha tayloriEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Western PondhawkErythemis collocataNoneNoneBlue
Audouin's Night-stalking Tiger BeetleOmus audouiniThreatenedNoneRed
Blue DasherPachydiplax longipennisNoneNoneBlue
Autumn MeadowhawkSympetrum vicinumNoneNoneBlue
Common Ringlet, insulana subspecies Coenonympha tullia insulanaNoneNoneRed
Dark Saltflat Tiger Beetle Cicindela parowanaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Edwards' Beach Moth Anarta edwardsiiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Immaculate Green HairstreakCallophrys affinisNoneNoneBlue
Western Pine Elfin, Sheltonensis SubspeciesCallophrys eryphon sheltonensisNoneNoneBlue
Johnson's HairstreakCallophrys johnsoniNoneNoneRed
Moss' Elfin, Mossii SubspeciesCallophrys mossii mossiiNoneNoneBlue
Common Woodnymph, Incana SubspeciesCercyonis pegala incanaNoneNoneRed
Hagen's BluetEnallagma hageniNoneNoneBlue
Silver-spotted SkipperEpargyreus clarusNoneNoneBlue
Propertius DuskywingErynnis propertiusNoneNoneRed
Western Branded Skipper, oregonia subspeciesHesperia colorado oregoniaEndangeredNoneRed
Boisduval's Blue, Blackmorei SubspeciesPlebejus icarioides blackmoreiNoneNoneBlue
Zerene Fritillary, Bremnerii SubspeciesSpeyeria zerene bremneriiNoneNoneRed
Black SaddlebagsTramea lacerataNoneNoneRed
Silver-spotted Skipper, californicus subspeciesEpargyreus clarus californicusNoneNoneRed
Clodius Parnassian, claudianus subspeciesParnassius clodius claudianusNoneNoneBlue

Molluscs

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Dromedary Jumping-slugHemphillia dromedariusThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Blue-Grey Taildropper SlugProphysaon coeruleumEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Northern AbaloneHaliotis kamtschatkanaThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Olympia OysterOstrea conchaphilaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Warty Jumping-slugHemphillia glandulosaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Broadwhorl TightcoilPristiloma johnsoniNoneNoneBlue
Scarletback TaildropperProphysaon vanattaeNoneNoneBlue
Western ThornCarychium occidentaleNoneNoneBlue
Pacific SidebandMonadenia fidelisNoneNoneBlue
Pewter PhysaPhysa acutaNoneNoneRed
Black GlossZonitoides nitidusNoneNoneBlue
Fossaria Species 1Fossaria vancouverensisNoneNoneRed
Evening FieldslugDeroceras hesperiumData DeficientNoneRed
Threaded VertigoNearctula sp. 1Special ConcernSchedule 1Red
Umbilicate SpritePromenetus umbilicatellusNoneNoneBlue

Vascular Plants

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Scouler's CatchflySilene scouleri ssp. grandisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Deltoid BalsamrootBalsamorhiza deltoideaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Dense-flowered LupineLupinus densiflorus var. densiflorusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Dense Spike-primroseEpilobium densiflorumEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Dwarf SandwortMinuartia pusillaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Prairie LupineLupinus lepidusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Purple SanicleSanicula bipinnatifidaThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Rosy Owl-cloverOrthocarpus bracteosusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Seaside Bird's-foot TrefoilHosackia gracilisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
White MeconellaMeconella oreganaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
White-top AsterSericocarpus rigidusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Yellow Montane VioletViola praemorsa ssp. praemorsaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Contorted Pod Evening-PrimroseCamissonia contortaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Coast MicroserisMicroseris bigeloviiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Bearded Owl-cloverTriphysaria versicolor ssp. versicolorEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Snake-root SanicleSanicula arctopoidesEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Golden PaintbrushCastilleja levisectaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Howell's TriteleiaTriteleia howelliiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Kellogg's RushJuncus kelloggiiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Macoun's MeadowfoamLimnanthes macouniiThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Phantom OrchidCephalanthera austiniaeEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Small-flowered TonellaTonella tenellaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Streambank LupineLupinus rivularisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Tall Woolly-headsPsilocarphus elatiorEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Vancouver Island BeggarticksBidens amplissimaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Water-plantain ButtercupRanunculus alismifolius var. alismifoliusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Muhlenberg's CentauryZeltnera muehlenbergiiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Smooth GoldfieldsLasthenia glaberrimaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
California ButtercupRanunculus californicusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Gray's Desert ParsleyLomatium grayiThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Angled Bitter-cressCardamine angulataNoneNoneBlue
Lindley's MicroserisUropappus lindleyiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Mountain SneezeweedHelenium autumnale var. grandiflorumNoneNoneBlue
Two-edged Water-starwortCallitriche heterophylla var. heterophyllaNoneNoneBlue
Nodding SemaphoregrassPleuropogon refractusNoneNoneBlue
Oakes' pondweedPotamogeton oakesianusNoneNoneBlue
California-teaRupertia physodesNoneNoneBlue
Foothill SedgeCarex tumulicolaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Small Spike-rushEleocharis parvulaNoneNoneBlue
Pacific WaterleafHydrophyllum tenuipesNoneNoneRed
ScalepodIdahoa scapigeraNoneNoneRed
Nuttall's QuillwortIsoetes nuttalliiNoneNoneBlue
Grey Beach PeavineLathyrus littoralisThreatenedNoneRed
Slender PopcornflowerPlagiobothrys tenellusThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Pointed Broom SedgeCarex scopariaNoneNoneBlue
Spring HornwortCeratophyllum echinatumNoneNoneBlue
Slender-spiked MannagrassGlyceria leptostachyaNoneNoneBlue
Henderson's Checker-mallowSidalcea hendersoniiNoneNoneBlue
Field DodderCuscuta campestrisNoneNoneBlue
HeterocodonHeterocodon rariflorumNoneNoneBlue
Needle-leaved NavarretiaNavarretia intertextaNoneNoneRed
Poison OakToxicodendron diversilobumNoneNoneBlue
California Hedge-parsley Yabea microcarpaNoneNoneBlue
Fern-leaved Desert-parsley Lomatium dissectum var. dissectumNoneNoneRed
Lemmon's willow Salix lemmoniiNoneNoneRed
Manroot Marah oreganaEndangeredNoneRed
Oregon Ash Fraxinus latifoliaNoneNoneRed
Sandmat Cardionema ramosissimumNoneNoneRed
Small-flowered Godetia Clarkia purpurea ssp. quadrivulneraCandidate for ListingNoneRed
Victoria's Owl-clover Castilleja victoriaeEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Winged Water-starwort Callitriche marginataNoneNoneBlue
Yellow Sand-verbena Abronia latifoliaNoneNoneBlue
Nevada Marsh Fern Thelypteris nevadensisNoneNoneRed
Pacific Vertigo Vertigo andrusianaNoneNoneRed
Creeping Wildrye Leymus triticoidesNoneNoneRed
Spanish-cloverAcmispon americanus var. americanusNoneNoneBlue
Dwarf Maiden-hair FernAdiantum aleuticum var. subpumilumNoneNoneRed
Slimleaf OnionAllium amplectensNoneNoneBlue
Olympic OnionAllium crenulatumNoneNoneRed
Geyer's OnionAllium geyeri var. tenerumNoneNoneBlue
Carolina Meadow-foxtailAlopecurus carolinianusNoneNoneRed
ChaffweedAnagallis minimaNoneNoneBlue
Least MoonwortBotrychium simplex var. compositumNoneNoneBlue
Beach BindweedCalystegia soldanellaNoneNoneBlue
Green-sheathed SedgeCarex fetaNoneNoneBlue
Paintbrush Owl-cloverCastilleja ambigua ssp. ambiguaNoneNoneBlue
Erect PygmyweedCrassula connata var. connataCandidate for ListingNoneRed
Awned CyperusCyperus squarrosusNoneNoneBlue
White Glacier LilyErythronium montanumNoneNoneBlue
Rough-leaved AsterEurybia radulinaNoneNoneRed
Common BluecupGithopsis specularioidesNoneNoneRed
American GlehniaGlehnia littoralis ssp. leiocarpaNoneNoneBlue
Hairy GumweedGrindelia hirsutula var. hirsutulaNoneNoneRed
Small-headed TarweedHemizonella minimaNoneNoneRed
OvalpurseHornungia procumbensNoneNoneBlue
Fleshy JaumeaJaumea carnosaNoneNoneBlue
Seaside JuniperJuniperus maritimaNoneNoneBlue
Harford's MelicMelica harfordiiNoneNoneBlue
Tooth-leaved Monkey-flowerMimulus dentatusNoneNoneBlue
Texas ToadflaxNuttallanthus texanusNoneNoneBlue
Northern Adder's-tongueOphioglossum pusillumNoneNoneBlue
Macoun's GroundselPackera macouniiNoneNoneBlue
White-lip Rein OrchidPiperia candidaNoneNoneRed
Black KnotweedPolygonum paronychiaNoneNoneBlue
Graceful CinquefoilPotentilla gracilis var. gracilisNoneNoneBlue
Smith's FairybellsProsartes smithiiNoneNoneBlue
Slender Woolly-headsPsilocarphus tenellusNot at RiskNoneYellow
Lobb's Water-buttercupRanunculus lobbiiNoneNoneRed
Menzies' BurnetSanguisorba menziesiiNoneNoneBlue
Scouler's CampionSilene scouleri ssp. scouleriEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Cup CloverTrifolium cyathiferumNoneNoneRed
Poverty CloverTrifolium depauperatum var. depauperatumNoneNoneBlue
Macrae's CloverTrifolium dichotomumNoneNoneBlue
Graceful Arrow-grassTriglochin concinnaNoneNoneRed
Howell's VioletViola howelliiNoneNoneBlue
Columbian Water-mealWolffia columbianaNoneNoneRed
Giant Chain FernWoodwardia fimbriataNoneNoneBlue
Dwarf Red FescueFestuca rubra ssp. medianaNoneNoneBlue

Mosses

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Banded Cord MossEntosthodon fascicularisSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Apple MossBartramia strictaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Twisted Oak MossSyntrichia laevipilaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Lacks a Common NameAcaulon muticum var. rufescensNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameAlsia californicaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameBrachythecium holzingeriNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameBryum canarienseNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NameRosulabryum erythrolomaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameBryum gemmiparumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameBryum violaceumNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameCrumia latifoliaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameDitrichum schimperiNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameEpipterygium tozeriNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NameFissidens ventricosusNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameFunaria muhlenbergiiNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameHomalothecium arenariumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePhilonotis yezoanaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePhyscomitrium pyriformeNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePlatyhypnidium riparioidesNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePtychomitrium gardneriNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameRacomitrium pacificumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameSphagnum annulatumNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameTortula bolanderiNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameTortula obtusifoliaNoneNoneBlue

Extinct or Extirpated

Breeding Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Yellow-billed cuckooCoccyzus americanusNoneNoneRed - Extirpated
Lewis's Woodpecker (Georgia Depression population)Melanerpes lewis pop. 1ThreatenedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated
Western Meadowlark (Georgia Depression population)Sturnella neglecta pop. 1NoneNoneRed - Extirpated

Reptiles

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Pacific GophersnakePituophis catenifer cateniferExtirpatedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated

Insects

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Island MarbleEuchloe ausonides insulanusExtirpatedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated

Molluscs

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Puget Oregonian SnailCryptomastix deviaExtirpatedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated

Vascular Plants

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Brook Spike-PrimroseEpilobium torreyiEndangeredSchedule 1Red - Extirpated
Kincaid's LupineLupinus oreganus var. kincaidiiExtirpatedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated

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Please cite these pages as: Pearson, Mike and Healey, M.C.2012. Species at Risk and Local Government: a Primer for BC. Stewardship Centre of British Columbia, Courtenay BC.