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Summary

SpeciesStatus
Nb of Species165BC Red List61
Mammals16BC Blue List88
Birds3Identified Wildlife15
Breeding Birds26COSEWIC Endangered26
Reptiles2COSEWIC Threatened20
Amphibians3COSEWIC Special Concern28
Fishes10SARA Schedule 161
Insects18Extirpated fom BC2
Molluscs15Extinct0
Vascular Plants64  
Mosses8  
Fungus0  

Mammals

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Grey WhaleEschrichtius robustusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Harbour PorpoisePhocoena phocoenaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Killer Whale (southern resident population)Orcinus orca pop. 5EndangeredSchedule 1Red
Steller Sea LionEumetopias jubatusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Vancouver Island MarmotMarmota vancouverensisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Wolverine (vancouverensis subspecies)Gulo gulo vancouverensisSpecial ConcernNoneRed
Killer Whale (West Coast transient population)Orcinus orca pop. 3ThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Humpback WhaleMegaptera novaeangliaeSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Northern Fur SealCallorhinus ursinusThreatenedNoneRed
Townsend's Big-eared BatCorynorhinus townsendiiNoneNoneBlue
American Water Shrew, brooksi subspecies Sorex palustris brooksiNoneNoneRed
Keen's MyotisMyotis keeniiData DeficientSchedule 3Blue
Roosevelt ElkCervus elaphus rooseveltiNoneNoneBlue
WolverineGulo guloSpecial ConcernNoneNone
Ermine, Anguinae SubspeciesMustela erminea anguinaeNoneNoneBlue
Little Brown MyotisMyotis lucifugusEndangeredNoneYellow

Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Pink-footed ShearwaterPuffinus creatopusThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue

Breeding Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Barn OwlTyto albaThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Great Blue Heron (fannini subspecies)Ardea herodias fanniniSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Marbled MurreletBrachyramphus marmoratusThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Northern Goshawk (laingi subspecies)Accipiter gentilis laingiThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Peregrine Falcon (anatum subspecies)Falco peregrinus anatumSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Western Screech Owl (kennicotti subspecies)Megascops kennicottii kennicottiiThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Peregrine Falcon (pealei subspecies)Falco peregrinus pealeiSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Vesper Sparrow (affinis subspecies)Pooecetes gramineus affinisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusNot at RiskNoneBlue
Common NighthawkChordeiles minor ThreatenedSchedule 1Yellow
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaThreatenedNoneBlue
Purple MartinProgne subisNoneNoneBlue
Olive-sided flycatcherContopus cooperiThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Band-tailed pigeonPatagioenas fasciataSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Green HeronButorides virescensNoneNoneBlue
Western Bluebird (Georgia Depression population)Sialia mexicana pop. 1NoneNoneRed
Northern Pygmy-Owl, swarthi subspecies Glaucidium gnoma swarthiNoneNoneBlue
Sooty GrouseDendragapus fuliginosusNoneNoneBlue
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusSpecial ConcernNoneNone
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataNoneNoneBlue
White-tailed Ptarmigan, Saxatilis SubspeciesLagopus leucura saxatilisNoneNoneBlue
Western Screech-owlMegascops kennicottiiThreatenedSchedule 1None
Cassin's AukletPtychoramphus aleuticusSpecial ConcernNoneBlue

Reptiles

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Sharp-tailed SnakeContia tenuisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Western PaintedTurtle (Pacific coast population)Chrysemys picta pop. 1EndangeredSchedule 1Red

Amphibians

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Northern Red-legged FrogRana auroraSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Western ToadAnaxyrus boreasSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Wandering SalamanderAneides vagransSpecial ConcernNoneBlue

Fishes

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Green SturgeonAcipenser medirostrisSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Cowichan Lake LampreyEntosphenus macrostomusThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Coho Salmon (interior Fraser populations)Oncorhynchus kisutchEndangeredNoneYellow
Basking SharkCetorhinus maximusEndangeredSchedule 1None
Rougheye rockfishSebastes aleutianusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1None
Yelloweye RockfishSebastes ruberrimusSpecial ConcernNoneNone
Dolly VardenSalvelinus malmaNoneNoneYellow
BocaccioSebastes paucispinisEndangeredNoneNone
Canary rockfishSebastes pinnigerThreatenedNoneNone
Coastal Cutthroat TroutOncorhynchus clarkii clarkiiNoneNoneBlue

Insects

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Dun SkipperEuphyes vestrisThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Greenish Blue, insulanus subspeciesPlebejus saepiolus insulanusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
MonarchDanaus plexippusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Edith's Checkerspot, taylori subspeciesEuphydryas editha tayloriEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Beaverpond BaskettailEpitheca canisNoneNoneBlue
Western PondhawkErythemis collocataNoneNoneBlue
Blue DasherPachydiplax longipennisNoneNoneBlue
Autumn MeadowhawkSympetrum vicinumNoneNoneBlue
Common Ringlet, insulana subspecies Coenonympha tullia insulanaNoneNoneRed
Western Pine Elfin, Sheltonensis SubspeciesCallophrys eryphon sheltonensisNoneNoneBlue
Johnson's HairstreakCallophrys johnsoniNoneNoneRed
Moss' Elfin, Mossii SubspeciesCallophrys mossii mossiiNoneNoneBlue
Common Woodnymph, Incana SubspeciesCercyonis pegala incanaNoneNoneRed
Propertius DuskywingErynnis propertiusNoneNoneRed
Western Branded Skipper, oregonia subspeciesHesperia colorado oregoniaEndangeredNoneRed
Boisduval's Blue, Blackmorei SubspeciesPlebejus icarioides blackmoreiNoneNoneBlue
Zerene Fritillary, Bremnerii SubspeciesSpeyeria zerene bremneriiNoneNoneRed
Clodius Parnassian, claudianus subspeciesParnassius clodius claudianusNoneNoneBlue

Molluscs

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Dromedary Jumping-slugHemphillia dromedariusThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Blue-Grey Taildropper SlugProphysaon coeruleumEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Northern AbaloneHaliotis kamtschatkanaThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Olympia OysterOstrea conchaphilaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Oregon ForestsnailAllogona townsendianaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Warty Jumping-slugHemphillia glandulosaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Broadwhorl TightcoilPristiloma johnsoniNoneNoneBlue
Scarletback TaildropperProphysaon vanattaeNoneNoneBlue
Western ThornCarychium occidentaleNoneNoneBlue
Pacific SidebandMonadenia fidelisNoneNoneBlue
Black GlossZonitoides nitidusNoneNoneBlue
Fossaria Species 1Fossaria vancouverensisNoneNoneRed
Evening FieldslugDeroceras hesperiumData DeficientNoneRed
Threaded VertigoNearctula sp. 1Special ConcernSchedule 1Red
Umbilicate SpritePromenetus umbilicatellusNoneNoneBlue

Vascular Plants

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Scouler's CatchflySilene scouleri ssp. grandisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Deltoid BalsamrootBalsamorhiza deltoideaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Dense Spike-primroseEpilobium densiflorumEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Pink Sand-verbenaAbronia umbellata var. brevifloraEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Prairie LupineLupinus lepidusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Purple SanicleSanicula bipinnatifidaThreatenedSchedule 1Red
White MeconellaMeconella oreganaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
White-top AsterSericocarpus rigidusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Yellow Montane VioletViola praemorsa ssp. praemorsaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Bog Bird's-foot TrefoilHosackia pinnataEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Howell's TriteleiaTriteleia howelliiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Macoun's MeadowfoamLimnanthes macouniiThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Tall Woolly-headsPsilocarphus elatiorEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Vancouver Island BeggarticksBidens amplissimaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Alpine AnemoneAnemone drummondii var. drummondiiNoneNoneBlue
Lindley's MicroserisUropappus lindleyiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Green-fruited SedgeCarex interruptaNoneNoneRed
Nodding SemaphoregrassPleuropogon refractusNoneNoneBlue
California-teaRupertia physodesNoneNoneBlue
ScalepodIdahoa scapigeraNoneNoneRed
Nuttall's QuillwortIsoetes nuttalliiNoneNoneBlue
Spring HornwortCeratophyllum echinatumNoneNoneBlue
Slender-spiked MannagrassGlyceria leptostachyaNoneNoneBlue
Leafy MitrewortMitellastra caulescensNoneNoneBlue
Snow BrambleRubus nivalisNoneNoneBlue
Henderson's Checker-mallowSidalcea hendersoniiNoneNoneBlue
Washington SpringbeautyClaytonia washingtonianaNoneNoneRed
HeterocodonHeterocodon rariflorumNoneNoneBlue
Needle-leaved NavarretiaNavarretia intertextaNoneNoneRed
Poison OakToxicodendron diversilobumNoneNoneBlue
California Hedge-parsley Yabea microcarpaNoneNoneBlue
Fern-leaved Desert-parsley Lomatium dissectum var. dissectumNoneNoneRed
Oregon Ash Fraxinus latifoliaNoneNoneRed
Pine Broomrape Orobanche pinorumNoneNoneRed
Small-flowered Godetia Clarkia purpurea ssp. quadrivulneraCandidate for ListingNoneRed
Yellow Sand-verbena Abronia latifoliaNoneNoneBlue
Pacific Vertigo Vertigo andrusianaNoneNoneRed
Slimleaf OnionAllium amplectensNoneNoneBlue
Olympic OnionAllium crenulatumNoneNoneRed
Beach BindweedCalystegia soldanellaNoneNoneBlue
Green-sheathed SedgeCarex fetaNoneNoneBlue
Scouler's CorydalisCorydalis scouleriNot at RiskNoneYellow
Erect PygmyweedCrassula connata var. connataCandidate for ListingNoneRed
Awned CyperusCyperus squarrosusNoneNoneBlue
Sand-dwelling WallflowerErysimum arenicola var. torulosumNoneNoneBlue
Olympic Mountain AsterEucephalus paucicapitatusNoneNoneBlue
Common BluecupGithopsis specularioidesNoneNoneRed
American GlehniaGlehnia littoralis ssp. leiocarpaNoneNoneBlue
Seaside JuniperJuniperus maritimaNoneNoneBlue
Water MarigoldMegalodonta beckiiNoneNoneBlue
Tooth-leaved Monkey-flowerMimulus dentatusNoneNoneBlue
Waterwort Water-milfoilMyriophyllum quitenseNoneNoneBlue
Mountain Owl-cloverOrthocarpus imbricatusNoneNoneRed
Macoun's GroundselPackera macouniiNoneNoneBlue
White-lip Rein OrchidPiperia candidaNoneNoneRed
Black KnotweedPolygonum paronychiaNoneNoneBlue
Smith's FairybellsProsartes smithiiNoneNoneBlue
Slender Woolly-headsPsilocarphus tenellusNot at RiskNoneYellow
Dwarf BrambleRubus lasiococcusNoneNoneBlue
Scouler's CampionSilene scouleri ssp. scouleriEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Cup CloverTrifolium cyathiferumNoneNoneRed
Ochroleucous BladderwortUtricularia ochroleucaNoneNoneBlue
Howell's VioletViola howelliiNoneNoneBlue
Giant Chain FernWoodwardia fimbriataNoneNoneBlue

Mosses

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Banded Cord MossEntosthodon fascicularisSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Twisted Oak MossSyntrichia laevipilaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Lacks a Common NameRosulabryum erythrolomaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameDitrichum schimperiNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameFunaria muhlenbergiiNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePlatyhypnidium riparioidesNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePleuroziopsis ruthenicaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePtychomitrium gardneriNoneNoneBlue

Extinct or Extirpated

Breeding Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Lewis's Woodpecker (Georgia Depression population)Melanerpes lewis pop. 1ThreatenedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated
Western Meadowlark (Georgia Depression population)Sturnella neglecta pop. 1NoneNoneRed - Extirpated

Search Criteria

Taxonomic Group All
Juridiction All
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BC Status All
BC Wildlife Act All
Identified Wildlife All
SARA All
Management Category All
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Cowichan Valley Regional District: All Districts and Municipalities
Forest District All Forest Districts
Please cite these pages as: Pearson, Mike and Healey, M.C.2012. Species at Risk and Local Government: a Primer for BC. Stewardship Centre of British Columbia, Courtenay BC.