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Summary

SpeciesStatus
Nb of Species175BC Red List55
Mammals20BC Blue List92
Birds4Identified Wildlife15
Breeding Birds26COSEWIC Endangered19
Reptiles3COSEWIC Threatened18
Amphibians4COSEWIC Special Concern26
Fishes17SARA Schedule 149
Insects16Extirpated fom BC5
Molluscs12Extinct0
Vascular Plants44  
Mosses29  
Fungus0  

Mammals

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Grey WhaleEschrichtius robustusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Grizzly BearUrsus arctosSpecial ConcernNoneBlue
Harbour PorpoisePhocoena phocoenaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Killer Whale (southern resident population)Orcinus orca pop. 5EndangeredSchedule 1Red
Mountain Beaver Rainieri SubspeciesAplodontia rufa rainieriSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Pacific Water ShrewSorex bendiriiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Steller Sea LionEumetopias jubatusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Wolverine (luscus subspecies)Gulo gulo luscusSpecial ConcernNoneBlue
Killer Whale (West Coast transient population)Orcinus orca pop. 3ThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Snowshoe Hare, washingtonii subspeciesLepus americanus washingtoniiNoneNoneRed
Southern Red-backed Vole, occidentalis subspeciesMyodes gapperi occidentalisNoneNoneRed
Townsend's Big-eared BatCorynorhinus townsendiiNoneNoneBlue
Olympic ShrewSorex rohweriNoneNoneRed
Trowbridge's ShrewSorex trowbridgiiNoneNoneBlue
Mountain Beaver Rufus SubspeciesAplodontia rufa rufaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Keen's MyotisMyotis keeniiData DeficientSchedule 3Blue
Mountain BeaverAplodontia rufaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Yellow
WolverineGulo guloSpecial ConcernNoneNone
Long-tailed Weasel, Altifrontalis SubspeciesMustela frenata altifrontalisNoneNoneRed
Little Brown MyotisMyotis lucifugusEndangeredNoneYellow

Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Pink-footed ShearwaterPuffinus creatopusThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Red KnotCalidris canutusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusNot at RiskNoneBlue

Breeding Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Barn OwlTyto albaThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Great Blue Heron (fannini subspecies)Ardea herodias fanniniSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Marbled MurreletBrachyramphus marmoratusThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Northern Goshawk (laingi subspecies)Accipiter gentilis laingiThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Peregrine Falcon (anatum subspecies)Falco peregrinus anatumSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Spotted OwlStrix occidentalisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Western Screech Owl (kennicotti subspecies)Megascops kennicottii kennicottiiThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusNot at RiskNoneBlue
Common NighthawkChordeiles minor ThreatenedSchedule 1Yellow
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaNot at RiskNoneBlue
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusNoneNoneBlue
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaThreatenedNoneBlue
Purple MartinProgne subisNoneNoneBlue
Olive-sided flycatcherContopus cooperiThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Band-tailed pigeonPatagioenas fasciataSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Green HeronButorides virescensNoneNoneBlue
Western Bluebird (Georgia Depression population)Sialia mexicana pop. 1NoneNoneRed
Black-crowned Night-heronNycticorax nycticoraxNoneNoneRed
Sooty GrouseDendragapus fuliginosusNoneNoneBlue
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusSpecial ConcernNoneNone
Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisNot at RiskNoneYellow
Western Screech-owlMegascops kennicottiiThreatenedSchedule 1None

Reptiles

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Rubber BoaCharina bottaeSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Yellow
Western PaintedTurtle (Pacific coast population)Chrysemys picta pop. 1EndangeredSchedule 1Red

Amphibians

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Pacific Tailed FrogAscaphus trueiSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Oregon Spotted FrogRana pretiosaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Northern Red-legged FrogRana auroraSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Western ToadAnaxyrus boreasSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue

Fishes

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Green SturgeonAcipenser medirostrisSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Nooksack DaceRhinichthys cataractae - Chehalis lineageEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Salish SuckerCatostomus sp. 4ThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Sockeye Salmon (Cultus and Sakinaw Lake populations)Oncorhynchus nerkaEndangeredDeclinedYellow
Coho Salmon (interior Fraser populations)Oncorhynchus kisutchEndangeredNoneYellow
Basking SharkCetorhinus maximusEndangeredSchedule 1None
Rougheye rockfishSebastes aleutianusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1None
Yelloweye RockfishSebastes ruberrimusSpecial ConcernNoneNone
Pygmy Longfin SmeltSpirinchus sp. 1Data DeficientNoneRed
Dolly VardenSalvelinus malmaNoneNoneYellow
EulachonThaleichthys pacificusEndangeredNoneBlue
BocaccioSebastes paucispinisEndangeredNoneNone
Canary rockfishSebastes pinnigerThreatenedNoneNone
Bull TroutSalvelinus confluentusSpecial ConcernNoneBlue
Coastal Cutthroat TroutOncorhynchus clarkii clarkiiNoneNoneBlue
White Sturgeon (Lower Fraser River population)Acipenser transmontanus pop. 4 ThreatenedDeclinedRed
White SturgeonAcipenser transmontanusEndangeredSchedule 1None

Insects

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Dun SkipperEuphyes vestrisThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Greenish Blue, insulanus subspeciesPlebejus saepiolus insulanusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
MonarchDanaus plexippusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Beaverpond BaskettailEpitheca canisNoneNoneBlue
GrappletailOctogomphus specularisNoneNoneRed
Audouin's Night-stalking Tiger BeetleOmus audouiniThreatenedNoneRed
Blue DasherPachydiplax longipennisNoneNoneBlue
Autumn MeadowhawkSympetrum vicinumNoneNoneBlue
Emma's DancerArgia emmaNoneNoneBlue
Black PetaltailTanypteryx hageniNoneNoneBlue
Western Pine Elfin, Sheltonensis SubspeciesCallophrys eryphon sheltonensisNoneNoneBlue
Johnson's HairstreakCallophrys johnsoniNoneNoneRed
Silver-spotted SkipperEpargyreus clarusNoneNoneBlue
Zerene Fritillary, Bremnerii SubspeciesSpeyeria zerene bremneriiNoneNoneRed
Silver-spotted Skipper, californicus subspeciesEpargyreus clarus californicusNoneNoneRed
Clodius Parnassian, claudianus subspeciesParnassius clodius claudianusNoneNoneBlue

Molluscs

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Northern AbaloneHaliotis kamtschatkanaThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Olympia OysterOstrea conchaphilaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Oregon ForestsnailAllogona townsendianaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Broadwhorl TightcoilPristiloma johnsoniNoneNoneBlue
Scarletback TaildropperProphysaon vanattaeNoneNoneBlue
Rocky Mountain FingernailclamSphaerium patellaNoneNoneRed
Western ThornCarychium occidentaleNoneNoneBlue
Pacific SidebandMonadenia fidelisNoneNoneBlue
Black GlossZonitoides nitidusNoneNoneBlue
Evening FieldslugDeroceras hesperiumData DeficientNoneRed
Threaded VertigoNearctula sp. 1Special ConcernSchedule 1Red

Vascular Plants

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Streambank LupineLupinus rivularisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Vancouver Island BeggarticksBidens amplissimaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Small-flowered Bitter-cressCardamine parviflora var. arenicolaNoneNoneRed
Fox SedgeCarex vulpinoideaNoneNoneBlue
Nuttall's waterweedElodea nuttalliiNoneNoneBlue
Joe-pye WeedEutrochium maculatum var. bruneriNoneNoneRed
Mountain SneezeweedHelenium autumnale var. grandiflorumNoneNoneBlue
Yellowseed False-pimpernelLindernia dubia var. dubiaNoneNoneRed
Green-fruited SedgeCarex interruptaNoneNoneRed
Two-edged Water-starwortCallitriche heterophylla var. heterophyllaNoneNoneBlue
Western Water-milfoilMyriophyllum hippuroidesNoneNoneBlue
Ussurian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum ussurienseNoneNoneBlue
Nodding SemaphoregrassPleuropogon refractusNoneNoneBlue
California-teaRupertia physodesNoneNoneBlue
Yellow Marsh-marigoldCaltha palustris var. radicansNoneNoneBlue
Cascade Parsley FernCryptogramma cascadensisNoneNoneBlue
Small Spike-rushEleocharis parvulaNoneNoneBlue
Beaked Spike-rushEleocharis rostellataNoneNoneBlue
Nuttall's QuillwortIsoetes nuttalliiNoneNoneBlue
Pointed RushJuncus oxymerisNoneNoneBlue
Flowering QuillwortLilaea scilloidesNoneNoneBlue
Dotted SmartweedPersicaria punctataNoneNoneYellow
Blue VervainVerbena hastata var. scabraNoneNoneBlue
Northern Water-mealWolffia borealisNoneNoneRed
Pointed Broom SedgeCarex scopariaNoneNoneBlue
Small-fruited WillowherbEpilobium leptocarpumNoneNoneYellow
Slender-spiked MannagrassGlyceria leptostachyaNoneNoneBlue
Green Parrot's-featherMyriophyllum pinnatumNoneNoneRed
Snow BrambleRubus nivalisNoneNoneBlue
Henderson's Checker-mallowSidalcea hendersoniiNoneNoneBlue
Washington SpringbeautyClaytonia washingtonianaNoneNoneRed
Field DodderCuscuta campestrisNoneNoneBlue
Three-flowered WaterwortElatine rubellaNoneNoneBlue
Western St. John's-wortHypericum scouleri ssp. nortoniaeNoneNoneBlue
False-pimpernelLindernia dubia var. anagallideaNoneNoneBlue
Short-flowered Monkey-flowerMimulus breviflorusNoneNoneBlue
Needle-leaved NavarretiaNavarretia intertextaNoneNoneRed
Pacific Vertigo Vertigo andrusianaNoneNoneRed
American Sweet-flagAcorus americanusNoneNoneBlue
Carolina Meadow-foxtailAlopecurus carolinianusNoneNoneRed
ChaffweedAnagallis minimaNoneNoneBlue
Nuttall's SunflowerHelianthus nuttallii ssp. rydbergiiNoneNoneRed
Salt Marsh Philadelphia FleabaneErigeron philadelphicus var. glaberNoneNoneRed
Short-tailed RushJuncus brevicaudatusNoneNoneRed

Mosses

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Poor Pocket MossFissidens pauperculusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Lacks a Common NameAlsia californicaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameAmblystegium variumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameAndreaea schofieldianaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameAndreaea sinuosaNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameBrachythecium holzingeriNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameBrachythecium reflexum var. pacificumNoneNoneRed
Roell's BrotherellaBrotherella roelliiEndangeredNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameBryum canarienseNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NameBryum schleicheriNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameCallicladium haldanianumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameDiphyscium foliosumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameDiscelium nudumNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameDrepanocladus aduncusNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NameEpipterygium tozeriNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NameFissidens ventricosusNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameHygroamblystegium fluviatileNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameHygrohypnum alpinumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameOrthotrichum cupulatumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameOrthotrichum striatumNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NamePhyscomitrium immersumNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NamePhyscomitrium pyriformeNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePlatyhypnidium riparioidesNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePohlia cardotiiNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NamePseudephemerum nitidumNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NamePtychomitrium gardneriNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameSphagnum contortumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameWarnstorfia pseudostramineaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameAtrichum flavisetumNoneNoneBlue

Extinct or Extirpated

Breeding Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Yellow-billed cuckooCoccyzus americanusNoneNoneRed - Extirpated
Lewis's Woodpecker (Georgia Depression population)Melanerpes lewis pop. 1ThreatenedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated
Western Meadowlark (Georgia Depression population)Sturnella neglecta pop. 1NoneNoneRed - Extirpated

Reptiles

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Pacific Pond TurtleActinemys marmorataExtirpatedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated

Molluscs

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Puget Oregonian SnailCryptomastix deviaExtirpatedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated

Search Criteria

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Please cite these pages as: Pearson, Mike and Healey, M.C.2012. Species at Risk and Local Government: a Primer for BC. Stewardship Centre of British Columbia, Courtenay BC.