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Summary

SpeciesStatus
Nb of Species295BC Red List137
Mammals22BC Blue List138
Birds1Identified Wildlife32
Breeding Birds33COSEWIC Endangered33
Reptiles8COSEWIC Threatened19
Amphibians5COSEWIC Special Concern29
Fishes8SARA Schedule 165
Insects29Extirpated fom BC3
Molluscs9Extinct0
Vascular Plants152  
Mosses28  
Fungus0  

Mammals

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Grizzly BearUrsus arctosSpecial ConcernNoneBlue
Mountain Beaver Rainieri SubspeciesAplodontia rufa rainieriSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Nuttall's CottontailSylvilagus nuttalliiSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Pallid BatAntrozous pallidusThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Spotted BatEuderma maculatumSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Western Harvest MouseReithrodontomys megalotisSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Wolverine (luscus subspecies)Gulo gulo luscusSpecial ConcernNoneBlue
Townsend's Big-eared BatCorynorhinus townsendiiNoneNoneBlue
American BadgerTaxidea taxusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Merriam's Shrew Sorex merriamiNoneNoneRed
Northern Bog Lemming, artemisiae subspecies Synaptomys borealis artemisiaeNoneNoneBlue
Preble's Shrew Sorex prebleiNoneNoneRed
Mountain BeaverAplodontia rufaSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Yellow
WolverineGulo guloSpecial ConcernNoneNone
Eastern Red BatLasiurus borealisNoneNoneRed
White-tailed JackrabbitLepus townsendiiNoneNoneRed
FisherPekania pennantiNoneNoneBlue
Western Small-footed MyotisMyotis ciliolabrumNoneNoneBlue
Fringed MyotisMyotis thysanodesData DeficientSchedule 3Blue
Bighorn SheepOvis canadensisNoneNoneBlue
Great Basin Pocket MousePerognathus parvusNoneNoneRed
Little Brown MyotisMyotis lucifugusEndangeredNoneYellow

Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Williamson's Sapsucker, thyroideus subspeciesSphyrapicus thyroideus thyroideusEndangeredSchedule 1None

Breeding Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Barn OwlTyto albaThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Burrowing OwlAthene cuniculariaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Flammulated OwlPsiloscops flammeolusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Lewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewisThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Peregrine Falcon (anatum subspecies)Falco peregrinus anatumSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Spotted OwlStrix occidentalisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
White-headed WoodpeckerPicoides albolarvatusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Western Screech Owl (mcfarlanei subspecies)Megascops kennicottii macfarlaneiThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Common NighthawkChordeiles minor ThreatenedSchedule 1Yellow
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaNot at RiskNoneBlue
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusNoneNoneBlue
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaThreatenedNoneBlue
Olive-sided flycatcherContopus cooperiThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarumNoneNoneRed
Great Blue Heron, Herodias SubspeciesArdea herodias herodiasNoneNoneBlue
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniNoneNoneRed
Canyon WrenCatherpes mexicanusNot at RiskNoneBlue
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusNoneNoneRed
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusThreatenedNoneBlue
Gray FlycatcherEmpidonax wrightiiNot at RiskNoneBlue
Horned Lark, Merrilli SubspeciesEremophila alpestris merrilliNoneNoneBlue
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanusNot at RiskNoneRed
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusSpecial ConcernNoneNone
California GullLarus californicusNoneNoneBlue
Western Screech-owlMegascops kennicottiiThreatenedSchedule 1None
Williamson's SapsuckerSphyrapicus thyroideusEndangeredSchedule 1Blue
Brewer's Sparrow, Breweri SubspeciesSpizella breweri breweriNoneNoneRed

Reptiles

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Great Basin GophersnakePituophis catenifer deserticolaThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Desert Night SnakeHypsiglena chlorophaeaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Rubber BoaCharina bottaeSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Yellow
Western RattlesnakeCrotalus oreganusThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Western SkinkPlestiodon skiltonianusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Western Yellow-bellied RacerColuber constrictorSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Western Painted Turtle (intermountain - Rocky Mountain population)Chrysemys picta pop. 2Special ConcernSchedule 1Blue

Amphibians

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Pacific Tailed FrogAscaphus trueiSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Great Basin SpadefootSpea intermontanaThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Northern Leopard FrogLithobates pipiensEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Blotched Tiger SalamanderAmbystoma mavortiumEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Western ToadAnaxyrus boreasSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue

Fishes

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Columbia SculpinCottus hubbsiSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Umatilla DaceRhinichthys umatillaThreatenedSchedule 3Red
Chinook Salmon (Okanagan River population)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaThreatenedNoneYellow
ChiselmouthAcrocheilus alutaceusNot at RiskNoneBlue
Dolly VardenSalvelinus malmaNoneNoneYellow
Mountain SuckerCatostomus platyrhynchusSpecial ConcernNoneBlue
Bull TroutSalvelinus confluentusSpecial ConcernNoneBlue
Coastal Cutthroat TroutOncorhynchus clarkii clarkiiNoneNoneBlue

Insects

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Behr's HairstreakSatyrium behriiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
MonarchDanaus plexippusSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Mormon MetalmarkApodemia mormoEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Sonora SkipperPolites sonoraSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Red
Halfmoon HairstreakSatyrium semilunaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Western PondhawkErythemis collocataNoneNoneBlue
Western River CruiserMacromia magnificaNot at RiskNoneBlue
Audouin's Night-stalking Tiger BeetleOmus audouiniThreatenedNoneRed
Blue DasherPachydiplax longipennisNoneNoneBlue
Autumn MeadowhawkSympetrum vicinumNoneNoneBlue
Emma's DancerArgia emmaNoneNoneBlue
Dark Saltflat Tiger Beetle Cicindela parowanaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Mormon Fritillary, erinna subspecies Speyeria mormonia erinnaNoneNoneRed
Olive Clubtail Stylurus olivaceusEndangeredNoneRed
Lance-tipped DarnerAeshna constrictaNoneNoneRed
Vivid DancerArgia vividaCandidate for ListingNoneRed
Immaculate Green HairstreakCallophrys affinisNoneNoneBlue
Hoffman's CheckerspotChlosyne hoffmanniNoneNoneRed
Badlands Tiger BeetleCicindela decemnotataNoneNoneRed
Sagebrush Tiger BeetleCicindela pugetanaNoneNoneBlue
Pronghorn ClubtailGomphus graslinellusNoneNoneBlue
Nevada SkipperHesperia nevadaNoneNoneBlue
Twelve-spotted SkimmerLibellula pulchellaNoneNoneBlue
Lilac-bordered CopperLycaena nivalisNoneNoneBlue
Common Sooty WingPholisora catullusNoneNoneBlue
Sandhill SkipperPolites sabuletiNoneNoneRed
California HairstreakSatyrium californicaNoneNoneBlue
Clodius Parnassian, pseudogallatinus supspeciesParnassius clodius pseudogallatinusNoneNoneBlue

Molluscs

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Rocky Mountain Ridged MusselGonidea angulataEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Northern TightcoilPristiloma arcticumNoneNoneBlue
Black GlossZonitoides nitidusNoneNoneBlue
Attenuate FossariaFossaria truncatulaNoneNoneBlue
Pale Jumping-slugHemphillia camelusNoneNoneBlue
Umbilicate SpritePromenetus umbilicatellusNoneNoneBlue
Abbreviate PondsnailStagnicola apicinaNoneNoneBlue
Silky ValloniaVallonia cyclophorellaNoneNoneBlue
Northern TightcoilPristiloma arcticumNoneNoneBlue

Vascular Plants

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Branched PhaceliaPhacelia ramosissima var. ramosissimaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Dwarf Woolly-headsPsilocarphus brevissimus var. brevissimusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Giant HelleborineEpipactis giganteaSpecial ConcernSchedule 3Blue
Scarlet AmmanniaAmmannia robustaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Showy PhloxPhlox speciosa ssp. occidentalisThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Slender CollomiaCollomia tenellaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Small-flowered LipocarphaLipocarpha micranthaEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Short-rayed AsterSymphyotrichum frondosumEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Grand Coulee Owl-cloverOrthocarpus barbatusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Lemmon's Holly FernPolystichum lemmoniiThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Lyall's Mariposa LilyCalochortus lyalliiSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Mountain Holly FernPolystichum scopulinumThreatenedSchedule 1Red
Stoloniferous PussytoesAntennaria flagellarisEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Toothcup meadow-foamRotala ramosiorEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Alpine AnemoneAnemone drummondii var. drummondiiNoneNoneBlue
Cut-leaved Water-parsnipBerula erectaNoneNoneBlue
SilvercrownCacaliopsis nardosmiaNoneNoneRed
Fox SedgeCarex vulpinoideaNoneNoneBlue
Steer's HeadDicentra unifloraNoneNoneBlue
Smooth WillowherbEpilobium glaberrimum ssp. fastigiatumNoneNoneBlue
Nuttall's waterweedElodea nuttalliiNoneNoneBlue
Two-edged Water-starwortCallitriche heterophylla var. heterophyllaNoneNoneBlue
Short-fruited SmelowskiaSmelowskia ovalisNoneNoneBlue
Bearded SedgeCarex comosaNoneNoneRed
Beaked Spike-rushEleocharis rostellataNoneNoneBlue
Dotted SmartweedPersicaria punctataNoneNoneYellow
Long-leaved PondweedPotamogeton nodosusNoneNoneRed
Blue VervainVerbena hastata var. scabraNoneNoneBlue
Montana LarkspurDelphinium bicolor ssp. bicolorNoneNoneBlue
Small-fruited WillowherbEpilobium leptocarpumNoneNoneYellow
Brandegee's lomatiumLomatium brandegeeiNoneNoneBlue
Purple-marked Yellow VioletViola purpurea var. venosaNoneNoneRed
Field DodderCuscuta campestrisNoneNoneBlue
HeterocodonHeterocodon rariflorumNoneNoneBlue
False-pimpernelLindernia dubia var. anagallideaNoneNoneBlue
Short-flowered Monkey-flowerMimulus breviflorusNoneNoneBlue
Elegant Jacob's-ladderPolemonium elegansNoneNoneBlue
Kruckeberg's holly fernPolystichum kruckebergiiNoneNoneBlue
White WintergreenPyrola ellipticaNoneNoneBlue
Andean Evening-primrose Neoholmgrenia andinaNoneNoneRed
Cockscomb cryptantha Cryptantha celosioidesNoneNoneRed
Dark Lamb's-quarters Chenopodium atrovirensNoneNoneRed
Harkness' linanthus Leptosiphon harknessiiNoneNoneRed
Idaho saxifrageMicranthes idahoensisNoneNoneRed
Northern Gooseberry cognatum subspeciesRibes oxyacanthoides ssp. cognatumNoneNoneRed
Owyhee Mudwort Limosella acaulisNoneNoneRed
Prairie Pepper-grass Lepidium densiflorum var. pubicarpumNoneNoneRed
Rydberg's spring beauty Claytonia multiscapa ssp. pacificaNoneNoneYellow
Shy Gilia Gilia sinuataNoneNoneRed
Slender Hawksbeard Crepis atribarba ssp. atribarbaNoneNoneRed
Strict Buckwheat Eriogonum strictum var. proliferumNoneNoneRed
Tall Beggarticks Bidens vulgataNoneNoneRed
Tweedy's Lewisia Lewisiopsis tweedyiEndangeredNoneRed
Western Centaury Zeltnera exaltataNoneNoneRed
Wild Tobacco Nicotiana attenuataNoneNoneRed
Hairy Water-clover Marsilea vestitaNoneNoneRed
Bent Spike-rush Eleocharis geniculataEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Colorado rush Juncus confususNoneNoneRed
Thurber's needlegrassAchnatherum thurberianumNoneNoneRed
Nettle-leaved Giant-hyssopAgastache urticifoliaNoneNoneBlue
Pink AgoserisAgoseris lackschewitziiNoneNoneBlue
Carolina Meadow-foxtailAlopecurus carolinianusNoneNoneRed
Seep-spring ArnicaArnica longifoliaNoneNoneBlue
The Dalles Milk-vetchAstragalus sclerocarpusNoneNoneRed
Spalding's Milk-vetchAstragalus spaldingiiNoneNoneRed
Silvery OracheAtriplex argentea ssp. argenteaNoneNoneRed
Wedgescale OracheAtriplex truncataNoneNoneBlue
Stretching SuncressBoechera sparsifloraNoneNoneRed
River BulrushBolboschoenus fluviatilisNoneNoneRed
Upswept MoonwortBotrychium ascendensNoneNoneRed
Two-spiked MoonwortBotrychium paradoxumNoneNoneRed
Blue GramaBouteloua gracilisNoneNoneRed
Narrow-leaved BrickelliaBrickellia oblongifolia ssp. oblongifoliaNoneNoneBlue
Short-flowered Evening-primroseTaraxia brevifloraNoneNoneRed
Blackened SedgeCarex epapillosaNoneNoneRed
Holm's Rocky Mountain SedgeCarex scopulorum var. bracteosaNoneNoneBlue
Many-headed SedgeCarex sychnocephalaNoneNoneBlue
Valley SedgeCarex vallicola var. vallicolaNoneNoneRed
Cusick's PaintbrushCastilleja cusickiiNoneNoneRed
Annual PaintbrushCastilleja minor ssp. minorNoneNoneRed
Thyme-leaved SpurgeChamaesyce serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifoliaNoneNoneBlue
Gray Hawk's-beardCrepis occidentalis ssp. pumilaNoneNoneRed
Obscure CryptanthaCryptantha ambiguaNoneNoneBlue
Watson's CryptanthaCryptantha watsoniiNoneNoneRed
Red-rooted CyperusCyperus erythrorhizosNoneNoneRed
Awned CyperusCyperus squarrosusNoneNoneBlue
Rockslide LarkspurDelphinium glareosumNoneNoneRed
Northern Tansy MustardDescurainia sophioidesNoneNoneRed
Nuttall's DrabaDraba densifoliaNoneNoneBlue
Lance-fruited DrabaDraba lonchocarpa var. thompsoniiNoneNoneBlue
Dwarf spike-rushEleocharis coloradoensisNoneNoneRed
Hall's WillowherbEpilobium halleanumNoneNoneBlue
Hairy-stemmed WillowherbEpilobium mirabileNoneNoneRed
Leiberg's FleabaneErigeron leibergiiNoneNoneRed
Cushion FleabaneErigeron poliospermus var. poliospermusNoneNoneBlue
Alpine BuckwheatEriogonum pyrolifolium var. coryphaeumNoneNoneRed
Little FescueFestuca minutifloraNoneNoneBlue
Washington FescueFestuca washingtonicaNoneNoneRed
False-mermaidFloerkea proserpinacoidesNot at RiskNoneBlue
Scarlet GauraGaura coccineaNoneNoneRed
Dwarf GroundsmokeGayophytum humileNoneNoneBlue
Hairstem GroundsmokeGayophytum ramosissimumNoneNoneRed
Prairie GentianGentiana affinisNoneNoneBlue
Small-headed TarweedHemizonella minimaNoneNoneRed
PorcupinegrassHesperostipa sparteaNoneNoneRed
OvalpurseHornungia procumbensNoneNoneBlue
Poverty-weedIva axillarisNoneNoneRed
Western StickseedLappula occidentalis var. cupulataNoneNoneRed
Slender GiliaLathrocasis tenerrimaNoneNoneRed
Northern LinanthusLeptosiphon septentrionalisNoneNoneBlue
Columbia LewisiaLewisia columbiana var. columbianaNoneNoneBlue
Three-leaved LewisiaLewisia triphyllaNoneNoneBlue
Nine-leaved Desert-parsleyLomatium triternatum ssp. platycarpumNoneNoneRed
OniongrassMelica bulbosaNoneNoneBlue
Little OniongrassMelica fugaxNoneNoneRed
Purple OniongrassMelica spectabilisNoneNoneBlue
Brewer's Monkey-flowerMimulus breweriNoneNoneBlue
Pale Evening-primroseOenothera pallida ssp. pallidaNoneNoneRed
Flat-topped BroomrapeOrobanche corymbosa ssp. mutabilisNoneNoneBlue
Winged CombseedPectocarya penicillataNoneNoneRed
Common TwinpodPhysaria didymocarpa ssp. didymocarpaNoneNoneBlue
Mutton GrassPoa fendleriana ssp. fendlerianaNoneNoneRed
Suksdorf's BluegrassPoa suksdorfiiNoneNoneRed
Close-flowered KnotweedPolygonum polygaloides ssp. confertiflorumNoneNoneRed
Kellogg's KnotweedPolygonum polygaloides ssp. kelloggiiNoneNoneBlue
Sawatch KnotweedPolygonum sawatchense ssp. obliviumNoneNoneRed
Diverse-leaved CinquefoilPotentilla diversifolia var. perdissectaNoneNoneBlue
Five-leaved CinquefoilPotentilla nivea var. pentaphyllaNoneNoneBlue
Bushy CinquefoilPotentilla paradoxaNoneNoneRed
Birdfoot ButtercupRanunculus pedatifidus ssp. affinisNoneNoneBlue
Dwarf BrambleRubus lasiococcusNoneNoneBlue
Alpine SorrelRumex paucifoliusNoneNoneBlue
Peach-leaf WillowSalix amygdaloidesNoneNoneRed
Booth's WillowSalix boothiiNoneNoneBlue
Tweedy's WillowSalix tweedyiNoneNoneBlue
Whited's HalimolobosSandbergia whitediiNoneNoneBlue
Olney's BulrushSchoenoplectus americanusNoneNoneRed
Rocky Mountain ClubrushSchoenoplectus saximontanusNoneNoneRed
White Western GroundselSenecio integerrimus var. ochroleucusNoneNoneRed
Smooth GoldenrodSolidago giganteaNoneNoneRed
Scarlet Globe-mallowSphaeralcea coccineaNoneNoneRed
Munroe's Globe-mallowSphaeralcea munroanaNoneNoneRed
Prairie WedgegrassSphenopholis obtusataNoneNoneRed
Ute lady's tressesSpiranthes diluvialisNoneNoneRed
Hairgrass DropseedSporobolus airoidesNoneNoneBlue
Rough DropseedSporobolus compositus var. compositusNoneNoneBlue
Sheathing PondweedStuckenia vaginataNoneNoneBlue
Thick-leaved ThelypodyThelypodium laciniatum var. laciniatumNoneNoneBlue
Cup CloverTrifolium cyathiferumNoneNoneRed
Slender Arrow-grassTriglochin debilisNoneNoneRed
Purple Spike-rushEleocharis atropurpureaEndangeredNoneRed
Purple Spike-rushEleocharis atropurpureaEndangeredNoneRed

Mosses

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Alkaline Wing-nerved MossPterygoneurum kozloviiThreatenedSchedule 1Blue
Columbian Carpet MossBryoerythrophyllum columbianumSpecial ConcernSchedule 1Blue
Nugget MossMicrobryum vlassoviiEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Rusty Cord MossEntosthodon rubiginosusEndangeredSchedule 1Red
Lacks a Common NameAloina bifronsNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NameBryum violaceumNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameCampylium radicaleNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameCoscinodon cribrosusNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameCrossidium aberransNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NameCrossidium seriatumSpecial ConcernNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameDidymodon brachyphyllusNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameDidymodon nevadensisNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NameDrepanocladus aduncusNoneNoneYellow
Lacks a Common NameEncalypta spathulataNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameFunaria muhlenbergiiNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameGrimmia anomalaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameGrimmia incurvaNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameGrimmia plagiopodiaNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameOrthotrichum cupulatumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameOrthotrichum halliiNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NamePohlia vexansNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NamePterygoneurum lamellatumNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameRacomitrium pygmaeumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameSchistidium heterophyllumNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameTortula nevadensisNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameTortula obtusifoliaNoneNoneBlue
Lacks a Common NameTortula protobryoidesNoneNoneRed
Lacks a Common NameUlota curvifoliaNoneNoneBlue

Extinct or Extirpated

Breeding Birds

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Greater Sage GrouseCentrocercus urophasianusExtirpatedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated

Reptiles

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
Pigmy Short-horned LizardPhrynosoma douglasiiExtirpatedSchedule 1Red - Extirpated

Insects

English NameScientific NameCOSEWICSARABC Status
ViceroyLimenitis archippusNoneNoneRed - Extirpated

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Please cite these pages as: Pearson, Mike and Healey, M.C.2012. Species at Risk and Local Government: a Primer for BC. Stewardship Centre of British Columbia, Courtenay BC.