Marine Mammal

Requirements include:

  • areas of refuge from human disturbance.
  • unpolluted inshore waters.
  • haul-out sites (some species).

 (c) Mike Pearson

Threats include:

  • repeated disturbance from irresponsible boaters and commercial whale watching operators.
  • marine pollution.
  • collision with boats and entanglement in fishing gear.

Strategies

Minimize marine pollution

  • Install the best available sewage treatment technology.
  • Ensure that runoff from paved areas in new developments is adequately treated via the subdivision and development permit processes.
  • Retrofit storm sewers with oil/grease separators, sediment traps, and/or treatment wetlands during other maintenance and upgrading projects.
  • Prevent direct dumping of toxic materials into storm or sanitary sewers through public education and a bylaw.
  • Ban insecticide and herbicide use for cosmetic purposes on lands within jurisdiction (municipalities only).
  • Eliminate insecticide and herbicide use on local government lands.
  • Keep high-risk industries away from habitats through zoning.
  • Require large setbacks from habitats through zoning, subdivision and development permits processes.
  • Enforce stringent anti-pollution regulations for boats and port facilities (port authorities only).

Promote responsible whale watching

  • Use business licensing to help professional associations and regulatory agencies ensure that commercial operators abide by codes of conduct.
  • Include information on responsible boating around marine mammals in public education materials and programming. Materials should be available at harbour and boat rental facilities.

 USFWS

Protect individuals from disturbance

  • Target haul-out sites (if applicable) for purchase or dedication via the subdivision, rezoning and development permit processes.
  • Restrict public access to habitats on local government land.
  • Regulate the timing and location of construction activities to minimize disturbance of marine mammals, using the subdivision and development.