Requirements include:

  • hibernacula (overwintering sites), typically found on south-facing slopes with talus or outcrops of broken bedrock.
  • abundant prey (rodents, small birds, insects, slugs).
  • safe basking sites.
  • abundant cover.

Lytton, bc (c) Mike Pearson

Threats include:

  • loss of hibernacula. Entire populations of more than one species may depend on a single hibernaculum.
  • roadkill.
  • human persecution.
  • predation by domestic pets.


Protect hibernacula

  • Target hibernacua for acquisition by purchase, dedication, or for protection through conservation covenants via the subdivision, rezoning and development permit processes.
  • Restrict public access to hibernacula on local government lands during sensitive periods.

Reduce roadkill

  • Erect signs along roads where roadkill is common.
  • Install dry culverts under roads to facilitate reptile passage.

 SXC images

Control domestic pets

  • Use an animal control bylaw to prevent domestic pets from accessing reptile habitats.
  • Include information on the dangers that pets pose to reptiles in public education materials and programming.

Protect from persecution

  • Include information on the ecological benefits of reptiles (e.g. insect and rodent population control) in public education materials and programming.

Reduce pesticide use

  • Ban insecticide and herbicide use for cosmetic purposes on lands within jurisdiction (municipalities only).
  • Eliminate insecticide and herbicide use on local government lands.

For more detailed information please consult: